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By Geoffrey N. Leech

Книга рассчитана на все группы пользователей, так как описывает базовые принципы английской грамматики. В книге в простой форме описываются все базовые правила языка, кроме того для всех грамматическим терминов даны пояснения и описания так, что даже новичку будет несложно разобраться в правилах языка. Дополнительным плюсом является использование общераспространенных тем, которые обычно не встречаются в других книгах: как извиниться или поблагодарить в той или иной ситуации, какие существуют нюансы.

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G. выйтй. 2) depends essentially upon the nature of the prefix. If the prefix imposes a temporal constraint, then the verb is perfectivized. If, on the other hand, the prefix imposes a spatial qualification, then the verb remains in the imperfective aspect. Application of prefixes to ‘definite’ imperfectives invariably perfectivizes the verb. 3. 3 Effect of prefixes on imperfective verbs of motion Indefinite Prefix Temporal qualification f noUa- Spatial qualification 11 В Ы ]I И З^etc. 1 Determine the aspect of the following verbs: 1.

Case Norn. Асе. Gen. Dat. Instr. Prep. m. n. f. g. I gen. sing. ) новые журналы (m. 1. This tabulation of the adjectival inflections is directly analogous to those of the noun (cf. 1). Once again, vowel mutations frequently occur within these inflections, just as for the noun endings. Whilst it is inappropriate here to provide a detailed account of the rules governing vowel mutation, it is nevertheless worthwhile once again emphasizing the pattern of mutation: а<н>я o<-*e у<н>ю The same scheme applies throughout the language and provides a welcome reduction in the range of inflected forms which have to be committed to memory.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Студенты запйшут лекцию. Он долго говорйл. Вчера я лёг спать в 12 часов. Я всегда встаю рано утром. По утрам густой туман покрывал поля. Ученйк сделает уроки. Я переписал работу. Я вчера перечитал этот рассказ. Сегодня я взял сочинения Пушкина. Он расскажет мне всё, что знал. 6 THE VERBS OF MOTION The verbs of motion warrant separate consideration, not only on account of their intrinsic importance, but more particularly because of the distinction drawn in Russian between ‘definite’ and ‘indefinite’ motion.

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An A-Z of English Grammar and Usage by Geoffrey N. Leech

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