Download AGRICULTURAL GOVERNANCE: GLOBALIZATION AND THE NEW POLITICS by Vaughan Higgins, Geoffrey Lawrence PDF

By Vaughan Higgins, Geoffrey Lawrence

ISBN-10: 0203698908

ISBN-13: 9780203698907

ISBN-10: 0415352290

ISBN-13: 9780415352291

Foodstuff protection and sustainability are arguably an important matters dealing with the agri-food area at the start of a brand new millennium. In an period of globalization, the place kingdom states seem to have a diminishing position in governing those issues, the prevailing and rising energy family members underpinning agri-food legislation call for renewed scholarly consciousness. Drawing upon the services of a few of the main well known writers in rural sociology, geography and anthropology, this e-book indicates how globalization approaches open up a brand new regulatory politics during which ‘non-political’ sorts of governing play an more and more influential function in shaping agricultural construction and intake. the 1st of its sort to seriously and comprehensively study new sorts of governing and legislation, this crucial textual content explores the connection among globalization and new websites, areas and brokers of agricultural law, utilizing distinctive case reports in built countries to demonstrate issues made. Demonstrating the political importance of regulatory mechanisms extending past the country, the ebook additionally discusses the implications for the governing of the agri-food area.

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Extra info for AGRICULTURAL GOVERNANCE: GLOBALIZATION AND THE NEW POLITICS OF REGULATION (Routledge Advances in Sociology)

Example text

Market rule, then, expresses the diametrically opposed outcomes framing the agricultural dispute in the WTO: blatant violation of its espoused principles by Northern agricultural protections, and wholesale expropriation of small farmers in the global South. Despite the characterization of the G-20’s position as progressive and the Quad’s as protectionist, both equally serve the larger neoliberal project of which the WTO is currently the most prominent regulatory mechanism. Although the G-20 has demanded greater democracy and transparency in the process along with lowering of agricultural protections in the Quad, the main goal is to facilitate the exploitation of these countries’ ‘comparative advantage’, which typically means low-value, labour-intensive primary commodities, light manufacture or low-skilled services.

On the contrary, as was clear in the above discussion of the AoA’s regulatory ‘box system’, some states are quite capable of manipulating the system and/or circumventing it by redirecting policies to at least cosmetically meet the letter of WTO regulation, and also by creating ‘nonfunded mandates’ that comply with WTO rules but do not alter the present domestic subsidy system in any real way, such as the CSP. Contradictions of global governing Subsequent to the ratification of the AoA, it quickly became clear that the restrictive market access provisions and the more lenient domestic support requirements heavily weighted the agreement in favour of the Quad powers.

Essentially, the G-20 refused to lower tariffs if the USA and the EU refused to lower domestic supports. In 2003 the G-20 refused to agree to reduce its market barriers without a restructuring of the current AoA – that includes loopholes large enough for the USA to drive its $40 billion Farm Bill through unscathed. They argue that while the market access provisions of the agreement include a rigorous enforcement schedule, that part of the document pertaining to the reduction of export and domestic subsidies ‘fails to set any specific deadlines for doing so or to specify by how much tariffs in Europe, the United States, and Japan will be reduced’ (Althaus 2003).

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AGRICULTURAL GOVERNANCE: GLOBALIZATION AND THE NEW POLITICS OF REGULATION (Routledge Advances in Sociology) by Vaughan Higgins, Geoffrey Lawrence


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