By Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.)
The getting older Self and the getting older Society moral concerns regarding the aged have lately come to the fore. this could come as no shock: because the flip of the century, there was an eightfold in crease within the variety of americans over the age of sixty 5, and virtually a tripling in their share to the final inhabitants. these over the age of eighty-five- the quickest turning out to be team within the country-are twenty yet one more occasions as a number of as in 1900. Demographers count on this development to speed up into the twenty-first century. The getting older of society casts into brilliant reduction a num ber of deep and troubling questions. at the one hand, as members, we grapple with the speedy adventure of getting older and mortality and search to discover in it philosophical or moral importance. We additionally ask yourself what responsi bilities we undergo towards getting older family and what expectancies of others our plans for previous age can reasona bly contain. nevertheless, as a group, we needs to make a decision: What certain position, if any, do older individuals occupy in our society? What constitutes a simply distribution of scientific assets among generations? And, How can associations that serve the previous foster imperiled values, corresponding to autonomy, self-respect, and dignity? only in the near past have we all started to discover those subject matters, but already a wealthy and fruitful literature has grown up round them.
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The getting older Self and the getting older Society moral concerns regarding the aged have lately come to the fore. this could come as no shock: because the flip of the century, there was an eightfold in crease within the variety of americans over the age of sixty 5, and nearly a tripling in their share to the overall inhabitants.
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Additional info for Aging And Ethics: Philosophical Problems in Gerontology
9) I take it more or less for granted that Kant's attempted proof of the Thesis in his "First Antinomy of Reason" (I. Kant  Critique 0/Pure Reason [N. K. ], Macmillan and Co. , London, UK, pp. 396-402) is invalid. It rests on a premise that is false: that the completion of the infinite series of succession of states, which must bave preceded the present state if the world has had no beginning, is logically impossible. We can persuade 48 Baier ourselves to think that this infinite series is logically impossible if we insist that it is a series that must, literally, be completed, for the verb ''to complete," as normally used, implies an activity that, in turn, implies an agent who must have begun the activity at some time.
However, lack of purpose in this sense does not in any way detract from the meaningfulness of life. I suspect that many who reject the scientific outlook because it involves the loss of purpose of life, and, therefore, meaning, are guilty of a confusion between the two senses of ''purpose'' just distinguished. They confusedly think that, if the scientific world picture is true, then their lives must be futile because that picture implies that humans have no purpose given from without. However, this is muddled thinking, for, as has already been shown, pointlessness is implied only by purposelessness in the other sense, which is not at all implied by the scientific picture of the world.
189, para. 99. sLeibniz (1934) On the ultimate origination of things, in The Philosophical Writings o/Leibniz (M. ), Everyman's Library No. 905, E. P. Duton, New York, NY, p. 32-41. 6See Leibniz (1934) Monadology, in The Philosophical Writings 0/ Leibniz (M. ), Everyman's Library No. 905, E. P. Duton, New York, NY, pp. 8-10, para. 32-38. 'ITo borrow the useful term coined by Professor D. A. T. Gasking of Melbourne University. , J. J. C. Smart (1957) The existence of God, reprinted in New Essays in Philosophical Theology (A.
Aging And Ethics: Philosophical Problems in Gerontology by Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.)