Download Adaptive Spatial Alignment by Gordon M. Redding PDF

By Gordon M. Redding

ISBN-10: 0805823956

ISBN-13: 9780805823950

For many humans, prism edition is an fun demonstration, first skilled might be in an introductory psychology direction. This monograph relates this bizarre phenomenon to the bigger context of cognitive technological know-how, in particular motor keep an eye on and studying. the 1st half sketches the heritage thoughts essential to comprehend the contribution of prism version to the bigger factor of adaptive perceptual-motor functionality including:
* a assessment of the fundamental recommendations of motor keep an eye on and studying that let strategic reaction within the prism variation situation;
* the advance of a speculation approximately spatial illustration and spatial mapping and an advent to the elemental thought of adaptive spatial alignment; and
* a contrasting view of perceptual and motor studying and a overview of proof for the involvement of nonassociative and associative studying in prism adaptation.

at once fascinated with info and concept in prism variation, the second one half presents:
* an summary of prism model technique and an inventory of numerous empirical conclusions from past learn that limited improvement of theoretical framework;
* a idea of strategic perceptual-motor keep watch over and studying which allows adaptive functionality in the course of prism publicity, yet doesn't without delay contain adaptive spatial alignment;
* an extention of the idea to incorporate realignment techniques which right for the spatial misalignment between sensorimotor structures produced through prisms; and
* an illustration of the way conventional matters in prism variation can be rephrased by way of the current theoretical framework.

The final a part of this quantity reports the learn performed in constructing and trying out the current concept of prism edition. It summarizes the preliminary investigations (employing a naturalistic publicity setting), studies a few extra rigorous checks with an experimentally restricted learn paradigm, issues out the extra common theoretical matters raised by way of the authors' research of prism variation, and makes particular feedback for additional study in the prism version paradigm.

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Additional resources for Adaptive Spatial Alignment

Sample text

This 2-D projection is preserved in topographic mappings onto layers or sheets of neural tissue that are also essentially 2-D in structure. Both receptors and the central nervous system would seem, therefore, to be incapable of representing depth . However, the missing dimension can be recovered by representing depth nontopographically as the magnitude of neural activity in different regions of the topographic map (Shepard, 1989). And, depth itself can be computed from depth indicators available in the patterned input.

2 Fundamental topology tells us that "the relations between objects in a space of three dimensions cannot all be preserved in a two-dimensional projection ... It is ultimately the variability and incompleteness of the view afforded us by our dimensionally reduced window on the world that leave us irremediably susceptible to occasional perceptual solecism and deceptions" (Shepard, 1990, pp. 173-175). However, our representation of the world is remarkably good for most purposes. 3 Limb location coordinates are usually expressed as the relative angle formed between limb segments at their common joint (for a review, see Soechting, 1989).

Proprioceptive space). The requirement of transformation between kinematic and dynamic representations does not, however, change the underlying nature of the transformations. Note carefully that we assume spatial representation for a body segment to be 3-D even when freedom of movement may be lower in dimensionality. For TRANSFORMATIONS AMONG LIMB SEGMENT COORDINATE SYSTEMS TRANSLATION AND ROTATION , TRANSLATION , ~, SIDETO-SIDE FIG. 3. Transformations among limb segment coordinate systems. Coordinates axes are shown for each limb segment, centered on the immediately proximal joint.

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