By William Lockley Miller
Dependent upon surveys and interviews with executive officers and voters, this booklet makes a speciality of concerns resembling bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of knowledge in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and think about public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They exhibit how the matter of electorate' interactions with officers varies in type in addition to in measure around the nations of principal and japanese Europe.
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Additional resources for A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe
Reform ‘goes with the grain’ of public opinion. The people need only to be liberated fkom the oppression of corruption rather than reformed. Reforming institutions and procedures may be difficult, but not nearly so difficult as reforming the people. Of course,the two models of a ‘culture of corruption’ and ‘victims of circumstances’ are ideal-types. The real world no doubt consists of a bit of both. Or,moregenerally,a ‘cultureofcorruption’model for ‘them’anda‘victims of circumstances’ model for ‘us’.
Where the associatedIDIs were held in a nearby place rather than the same smallortown village this is indicated by (IDI). 6 Italics indicates the short form of town names used to identify respondents in the text. Thus, for example, (Ky-B 1) in the text indicates a quotationfrom the first participant in the focus-group Kyiv-B. For the relatively few quotationsh m JDIs we have indicated that explicitly, for example (Te-IDI4). Otherwise, quotationsare from FGs. 7 To provide an accurate description of what people actually said inFGs thewe avoid choosing a few lengthy extracts thatmay be interesting but perhaps atypical.
Our four countries-Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic-all shared the experience of at least half a century of communist rule. All were ruled by autocratic empires until late in the nineteenth century. There were of course historic differencesas well as similarities. Ukraine had a longer experience of communist rule and suffered more from its excesses. ~’ The pre-communist autocracies of the Romanovs, Habsburgs and Ottomans differed somewhat in character, though all three regarded the Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Czechs and Slovaks as, to a greateror lesser extent, ‘subject peoples’.
A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe by William Lockley Miller