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Category: Nuclear (Page 4 of 25)

India's Nuclear Technology Dilemma: Projections and

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What or who is posing a threat for nuclear warfare? Nixon and Kissinger, when they were planning to overthrow the government of Chile in 1973, their position was that this government’s intolerable, it’s exercising its sovereignty, it’s a threat to us, so it has to go.14 It’s what Kissinger called a virus that might spread contagion elsewhere, maybe into southern Europe—not that Chile would attack southern Europe—but that a successful, social democratic parliamentary system would send the wrong message to Spain and Italy.

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Pushing the Horizon: Seventy-Five Years of High Stakes

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Language: English

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Size: 7.63 MB

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Some critics say that the US no longer needs ICBMs. “ We have ample deterrence from the submarine force, and certainly if you add the bomber force to that, that’s an overwhelming deterrence force. Because the difference in velocities between the two isotopes is small the process must be repeated thousands of times to achieve weapon-usable uranium-235. Condoleezza Rice said the aluminum could only really be used for centrifuges. The common problem that these researchers see is the possibility of a “nuclear winter.” Scientists say that the ongoing use of nuclear weapons will release so many particles in to the air that it will block out the sun and plummet the world into an eternal winter.

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War Heads: Cartoonists Draw the Line

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Language: English

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Size: 9.60 MB

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It gave strength to the demand for disarmament and arms control as a possible means for securing this objective. Click on a country below to learn more about their nuclear programs. Hahn, the chemist, was reluctant to go against the ideas of nuclear physicists, despite clear chemical evidence of barium. It is not clear what they found, but in 1968 the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reported to President Lyndon Johnson its conclusion that Israel had already made an atomic bomb.

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The Strategic Implication of a Nuclear-Armed Iran

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Language: English

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Size: 14.73 MB

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S. has contingency plans [to secure Pakistan's nukes] because its nightmare scenario is that Pakistan's weapons fall into terrorist hands. This was a race that, for financial reasons, none of the participants wanted to run very far. At the other are the statements by General James Gavin, head of Army research and development, who testified before Congress in 1956 and 1957 and requested 151,000 nuclear warheads just for the Army (a figure justified by plans envisioning the use of as many as 423 warheads in a single day of "intense combat"), and a declassified Department of Defense report —History of the Custody and Deployment of Nuclear Weapons—that presents, almost as an afterthought, this sentence: "Finally, in June 1958, the [Joint Chiefs of Staff] after careful study, recommended a stockpile level of from 51,000 to 73,000 warheads by 1968."[6] Such figures are all the more remarkable considering that annual production peaked in 1960 at 7,178 warheads and that the United States built a total of 70,000 warheads during the entire Cold War.

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Truman's Atomic Bomb Decision: An Attack on Japan's Center

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Language: English

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Size: 5.09 MB

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In the final analysis, Dayan’s nuclear idea was a declaration of despair. In addition to this, Israel maintains a policy of nuclear ambiguity and refuses to confirm or deny its nuclear capabilities. However, there is no mention of great power nuclear competition, including in Asia. The fact that nuclear war did not happen does not mean that it was impossible, although, as shown at the end of World War One, disarmament does not signal peace.

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History of Air Defense Weapons 1946-1962: World War II,

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Language: English

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Size: 6.15 MB

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Considering that the pace of the Soviet program was set primarily by the amount of uranium they could procure, it is hard for scholars to accurately judge how much "time" this saved the Soviets. Rostow suggested in a memo to the president on February 2 that Westmoreland be offered an extra reserve division, explaining his desire to avoid a situation of battlefield crisis in which Westy and the JCS would ask you to release tactical nuclear weapons.

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Nuclear Proliferation and International Security (Routledge

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Language: English

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Size: 9.75 MB

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At this time in the war such a trip could only have been made if it was sanctioned by both Kammler and Himmler. Within weeks, skies around the world would be permanently overcast, and the condition vividly described by Carl Sagan as "nuclear winter" would be upon us. Although Israel allowed a cursory inspection by well known American physicists Eugene Wigner and I. Salehi said the 80% reduction in plutonium production capability at Arak had been "welcomed" by the six countries engaged in talks with Iran about its nuclear program: the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany.

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Saddam's Bombmaker.

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Bowen, Feb 4 2010, 4985 views This content was written by a student and assessed as part of a university degree. The Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act of 2004 allocates millions for new nuclear weapons and bolsters readiness for new weapons testing at the Nevada nuclear test site. 86. “House Approves Pentagon Wish List–Bill Includes Military Exemptions From Environmental Laws,” Nick Anderson, Los Angeles Times, 11-8-03. 87. “DOE Count of Worker Injuries Inaccurate,” Spokesman Review, 3-28-04; also “Book Alleges Cover-up at Nuclear Site,” Spokesman Review 3-28-04; also DOE Has Record of Broken Promises, editorial, 4-11-04. 88. “Kennedy Warns on Nuclear Tests,” Julian Borger in Washington, The Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk, 4-30-03. 90. “Bush Drives the Nation Towards Bankruptcy,” Peter Eavis, The American Conservative, 2-15-04. 92. “Money for Iraq Fight Running Out,” The Australian 2-12-04 These figures are from U.

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Are We Prepared?: Four WMD Crises That Could Transform U.S.

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Language: English

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Size: 11.74 MB

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One answers that question by defining the conditions that must obtain if deterrent threats are to be credited. Wohlstetter, Albert 1959 The Delicate Balance of Terror. And between 1942 and 1944 scientists there worked on ways of producing the enriched uranium necessary for the atomic bomb. A CANDU can use natural uranium with no enrichment, although in practice the uranium in them is very slightly enriched, but as a result a typical burn up is only on the order of 9000 MWd/ton. He was also very interested in topics related to the philosophy of science, something that a lot of modern-day practicing physicists openly disdain.

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The Bomb: South Africa's Nuclear Weapons Programme

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Language: English

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Size: 11.55 MB

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He was very much afraid that Big Science (which hadn’t yet been given that name) would really destroy work like his own, which he saw as small-scale, individual, and not focused on particular applications. In a few small areas fallout has been severe enough to already have killed many of those exposed, by causing radiation damage to the central nervous system. North Korea may have two (or as many as eight) nuclear weapons. In 1958, nearly 10,000 scientists presented to United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold a petition that begged, “We deem it imperative that immediate action be taken to effect an international agreement to stop testing of all nuclear weapons.” France exploded its first nuclear device in 1960 and China entered the "nuclear arms club" in October 1964 when it conducted its first test.

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