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Category: Nuclear (Page 3 of 25)

Nuclear Showdown: North Korea Takes On the World

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In many ways then the presence of nuclear weapons acts as a deterrent, but it is also a cause for disputes and in some cases has lead to war. With prospects for further arms reduction agreements rapidly receding, the administration decided it had to move forward with modernization of the entire nuclear enterprise. President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb instead. During Reagan's last two years in office, he and Gorbachev deepened their relationship as the num­ber of issues on the U.

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Extended Deterrence and the Prevention of War

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Unfortunately it would be impossible to tell how much radiation a given patient had received. A grey, steel bank vault door prohibits trespassing to the unauthorized.” Papers on NATO operations in Europe are marked “American eyes only.” When the EU Parliament officially demanded NATO stop these operations, which have become known by the codename Gladio, the US simply ignored it. Second, wars fought in the face of strategic nuclear weapons must be carefully limited because a country having them may retaliate if its vital interests are threatened.

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Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of Atomic

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It is a commonplace that 9/11 changed everything about international relations and perhaps also about international law. But the murder of Boris Nemtsov, an opposition leader, on the Kremlin's doorstep on February 27th was only the latest sign that Mr Putin's Russia is heading into the geopolitical badlands (see page 33). Legitimizing the use of nuclear weapons would undermine a major normative inhibition on resorting to them in wara major stabilizing factor of successful nuclear deterrence (the balance of terror).

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Cold War Triumphalism: The Misuse of History After the Fall

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Also, while one can often make relatively precise estimates about the probability that something will be destroyed by some specific mechanism, it is often impossible to make precise statements that something has survived all the ways in which it could be destroyed. Meitner was convinced that the product actually was Barium rather than a homologue. Mu Her (1946) Linus Pauling (1954,1962) Cecil F. The Soviet Union and the United States were on polar ends of the ideological spectrum.

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Planetary Emergencies: 11th International Seminar on Nuclear

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Group I was responsible for producing uranium 235 by using diffusion barriers and centrifuges. However, an effective dispersal of the material would tend to dilute the concentration downwind of the site of detonation to relatively low levels quickly. They even installed steel rails in various rooms to accomodate overhead cranes. An example of a long-lived radioactive material is strontium-90. Information reported by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Science Institute of Medicine in a 2000 study titled: Scientific Frontiers in Developmental Toxicology, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. 77. “Trouble With Tankers,” William Thomas, http://www.willthomas.net. 78.

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The U.S. Atlas of Nuclear Fallout Vol I : Total Fallout

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Early in the nuclear age, people worried about atomic bombs being concealed in packing boxes and placed in holds of ships to be exploded when a signal was given. When, on occasion, friends asked him, his replies were varied and vague, ranging from 10 kilograms to a few tons. Ancient Aliens claims that there was a nuclear bomb dropped there in the ancient past, they give several reasons to believe this: AA: “Skeletons were found lying face down in the street – many holding hands. However, despite the apparent reduction in raw explosive power, this arsenal was far more dangerous to the Earth's ecosystem, as it deposited far greater amounts of fallout in the atmosphere than had been assumed by pre-War models. [1] China, the United States of America, the Soviet Union, the European Commonwealth 's member states and other countries around the world possessed massive nuclear stockpiles, which they were not afraid to use against each other, or other nations in general. [2] Limited nuclear exchanges occurred before the Great War as well.

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Turn The Ship Around!: A True Story of Building Leaders by

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Naturally, this should not rule out further efforts to agree more cuts in strategic nuclear systems, first of all involving Russia and America, and later getting other nuclear powers onto the bandwagon. They ask: Is the United States intentionally pursuing nuclear primacy? Nowhere was this illustrated more clearly than in the nonuse of nuclear weapons during the war. [1] Robert McNamara, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (New York: Times, 1995), p. 174. [2] James Blight, ed.

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Nuclear Warriors: Soldiers, Combat and Glasnost

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One earlier solution to the problem was found in Thomas Sche!ling�s notion of �the threat that leaves something to chance�. Finer particles will be blown over longer distances before they descend. On 24 December he submitted "a list of retardation targets" for which he required 26 atomic bombs. Along with partners such as the Mayors for Peace international campaign, ICAN is raising a strong international voice for nuclear abolition.

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What if They Gave a Crisis and Nobody Came?: Interpreting

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In nuclear fission, the nucleus of a fissile atom (in this case, enriched uranium) absorbs a thermal neutron, becomes unstable and splits into two new atoms, releasing some energy and between one and three new neutrons, which can perpetuate the process. She speaks of cuts to the international development aid budget falling behind global targets and of some of the aid that we do give going to authoritarian regimes. When necessary, our web site employs cookies to store information regarding a user's preferences and browsing history in an effort to better serve the user and/or offer the visitor with personalized content.

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Time & Money

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Attacks have already been carried out on Pakistani military installations reportedly housing nuclear components. Additional strategic and non-strategic warheads not limited by the treaty that the U. Any peace created by deterrence is like the peace that exists between two persons who are holding guns to each other’s heads with their fingers on the triggers: an uneasy, tense peace which is fraught with danger.

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